According to the Cochrane Review, 1 in 10 babies require resuscitation at birth when breathing or a heartbeat are undetected.
In 2000, around 4 million infants died within the first four weeks of their life worldwide.
Cochrane authors based in Canada, Ireland and the United States carried out the research, alongside the Cochrane Neonatal Group, into whether standardised formal neonatal resuscitation training for healthcare professionals could help reduce new born mortality rates.
To carry out the research, 14 studies were established to review: five community-based studies (187,080 deliveries) and 9 mannequin-based studies (626 new borns).
Results of the research found that the presence of professionals who are adequately trained in performing neonatal resuscitation could reduce the number of deaths and brain injury.
Many neonatal training sessions are available, which offer knowledge and practical lessons, however the research did not review the effectiveness of these programmes.
“Future research in this area should report on neonatal morbidity, including hypoxic ischaemic encephalopathy and neurodevelopmental outcomes. Innovative educational methods that enhance knowledge and skills and teamwork behaviour should be evaluated,” research authors of the Cochrane Review Eugene Dempsey from University College Cork, Ireland and Mohan Pammi from Baylor College of Medicine, USA concluded.
The full Cochrane Review can be found here.
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