The figure was revealed through information from NHS general practices and mental health trusts, which also found that nine cases involved girls under the age of 18.
In the UK, FGM procedures are illegal and taking someone abroad to have the procedure done is prohibited.
Professional policy advisor at the Royal College of Midwives, Janet Fyle said: “These latest figures show the extent of FGM in England and the 1,026 women identified means that there will be more women over the age of eighteen presenting to midwives for antenatal care. At this point it is vital the women whom a crime may have been committed against feels validated and supported.”
The Health and Social Care Information report includes the number of women and girls who reported FGM (1,036) and attendances for FGM (1,159).
The research does not highlight how many cases of FGM were performed within the UK or in another country.
Speaking to BBC News, Tanya Bann from Plan UK said: “It’s shocking to see the extent of FGM here in the UK.
“We’ve seen hugely increased attention on this problem in the past few years and we are now waking up to the scale of this terrible practice.
“FGM is a practice with an inherently global dimension.”
The news of the increase in cases within the UK comes shortly after new guidelines were introduced to help midwives assist women who have been affected by FGM.
To see the full figures, visit the Health and Social Care Information Centre.